WPAD is the Internet protocol which allows a client in this case we use a Web browser to automatically locate and interface with cache services in a network. For this session, we will work with a typical Windows 10 installation. If the checkbox is ticked, then software which supports proxies so all modern browsers will use those settings unless they are explicitly overwritten in browser settings. The settings are stored in a special file and the location of that file is automatically determined.
We will be working with the real internals of the configuration so make sure you know what to do before you start editing something! In the proxy, we can see the original proxy settings, as well as the effective proxy settings. Currently, the direct connection is in use, meaning no proxy was detected. We will start by going to the Capture and selecting Reset. There are an exact time and date for that event and we can see that no settings were found, and no PAC file was found so the event was canceled.
Now we are going to open Wireshark — a network sniffer which we will cover in detail in an upcoming episode of Hacks Weekly so keep an eye out for that. I will be listening on the ethernet interface. Keep this in mind as we will be using that IP later. Sometimes you can even find DNS query over here. What that means is that WPAD has a lot of backup options!
There are even DHCP options to find out the proxy settings. These are the defaults but what you find in your configuration depends on system settings. As we can see no-one is responding to those queries and no proxy settings are detected but what would happen if someone responded?
This Kali Linux is located on the same network. It has a static IP and the same subnetwork. I have made a minor modification by setting the proxy to my IP on port Otherwise, if the proxy is disabled the direct communication will be used.
Run Responder tool with minus A option which is a special mode in which messages are analyzed but no actual interruption of the traffic takes place. We have to specify the name of the interface. Most of the services are disabled and we are already poisoning all the messages that we saw earlier. We could wait for new events to occur but let me speed things up and switch to Windows system. Now the Kali should already see at least three requests, one for each protocol for WPAD server, and I can also show you that we currently have communication.
If we try HTTP you can see we have a connection to an external webpage.
Configure machine proxy and Internet connectivity settings
But still, we are not responding to those right? Close the Responder and open up Burp Suite and set it up to capture the traffic on the interface that we are listening to There is a Hacks Weekly episode on Burp Suite so make sure you watch that as well to find out what else you can do with Burp.
For now, we are going to change a configuration of the proxy because we need to specify the correct interface by default it listens on the local hosts only.
This means that I want to go to the Proxy taband then the Options tab.Active Directory Security. Oct 21 Securing workstations against modern threats is challenging. The best way to create a secure Windows workstation is to download the Microsoft Security Compliance Manager currently at version 4. Review the options, change as needed, and export as a GPO Backup folder.
Then apply this newly created GPO to your workstations. This will improve your workstation security baseline if you have minimal security settings already configured, especially if you have no existing workstation GPO.
Note that these locations are subject to change with further updates. This post covers many of these as well as other good security practices and configuration. Obviously, you should move to the most recent version of Windows and rapidly deploy security patches when they are available. The following items are recommended for deploying a secure Windows workstation baseline, though test first since some of these may break things.
Deploy current version of EMET with recommended software settings. Disable WPAD. Disable Windows Browser Protocol. Deploy security back-port patch KB Prevent local Administrator RID accounts from authenticating over the network.
Ensure WDigest is disabled. Microsoft AppLocker provides out of the box application whitelisting capability for Windows. It is highly recommended to use AppLocker to lock down what can be executed on Windows workstations and servers that require high levels of security. AppLocker can be used to limit application execution to specific approved applications.Given, this machine is also for personal use, so I am looking to balance convenience against security and privacy in the event of loss or theft.
View best response. I have just got my laptop from the supplier so other than Office via The Office Portal it is a clean build. I have a list of tools, utilities, PowerShell modules I want to install but I will hold off until the machine is hardened.
I also thought of some anti-theft protection such as Prey Project. Ok, You have convinced me: BItLocker universal it will be. I will report back once I have set the startup policy and enabled it.
Thanks very much. I did google but all I could find is the non-tpm configuration. Seems to be working well and will test hibernation recovery at some stage. When encrypting the C drive it'll ask you to reboot, and the process will start after you next log in. Other drives will start encrypting immediately, that might explain the missing progress dialog.
Chris' suggestion is not something I've mentioned. This is unrelated, but are there any plans to move Windows 10 S to this kind of model by default? The current advice plastered all over S though is that users take the free upgrade to Pro so they can run non-store programs; wouldn't it be more beneficial to provide users with a lightweight VM to run such "untrusted" software?
Be aware that if you need to elevate unsigned executables you will have set "Only elevate executables that are signed and validated" to "Disabled", otherwise you will receive the " A referral was returned from the server. Hardening of your machine should rely on the Least Privilege principle. Use a non admin account for daily use.
Disabling un-used programs, services and firewall rules. Minimizing your attack surface and turning off un-used network facing Windows features. While I applaud MS for improving protection on kernel things, attackers do not have to necessarily touch the kernel to do damage.
I have seen damages to Windows Defender and Windows Edge, just as an example. And their improvements rest on having new hardware, which leaves countless older platforms unprotected. Also their new innovations also relies on Windows Server Active Directory, which no home user has. And sometimes, even when MS has been notified of working exploits, they fail to make changes to their code. These MS techs only know to expound on their latest innovations.
They are not incident responders. And they do not know how to harden Windows. However, I do agree that BitLocker is the way to go since the thread starter's main concern is theft or lost laptop. Kaspersky has Online connection to their threat center.absynthepdf.fun file attack in chrome browser 'Use automatic configuration script' in LAN settings
Kaspersky was the First and only company that found Stuxnet and blocked it, the world's Most advanced malware ever created by co-operation of U.Sign up for a free trial. For organizations that use forward proxies as a gateway to the Internet, you can use network protection to investigate behind a proxy. For more information, see Investigate connection events that occur behind forward proxies.
If you're using Transparent proxy or WPAD in your network topology, you don't need special configuration settings. Configure a registry-based static proxy to allow only Microsoft Defender ATP sensor to report diagnostic data and communicate with Microsoft Defender ATP services if a computer is not be permitted to connect to the Internet. Configure the proxy:. If a proxy or firewall is blocking all traffic by default and allowing only specific domains through, add the domains listed below to the allowed domains list.
URLs that include v20 in them are only needed if you have Windows 10 machines running version or later. For example, us-v If a proxy or firewall is blocking anonymous traffic, as Microsoft Defender ATP sensor is connecting from system context, make sure anonymous traffic is permitted in the previously listed URLs.
The information below list the proxy and firewall configuration information required to communicate with Log Analytics agent often referred to as Microsoft Monitoring Agent for the previous versions of Windows such as Windows 7 SP1, Windows 8. If your network devices don't support the URLs added to an "allow" list in the prior section, you can use the following information.
As a cloud-based solution, the IP range can change. It's recommended you move to DNS resolving setting. Right-click Command prompt and select Run as administrator. For example:. If at least one of the connectivity options returns a status, then the Microsoft Defender ATP client can communicate with the tested URL properly using this connectivity method. The URLs you'll use will depend on the region selected during the onboarding procedure. You will need to temporarily disable this rule to run the connectivity tool.
You may also leave feedback directly on GitHub. Skip to main content. Exit focus mode. Tip For organizations that use forward proxies as a gateway to the Internet, you can use network protection to investigate behind a proxy. Note If you're using Transparent proxy or WPAD in your network topology, you don't need special configuration settings.
Laptops that are changing topology for example: from office to home will malfunction with netsh. Use the registry-based static proxy configuration.Case-hardening or surface hardening is the process of hardening the surface of a metal object while allowing the metal deeper underneath to remain soft, thus forming a thin layer of harder metal called the "case" at the surface. For iron or steel with low carbon content, which has poor to no hardenability of its own, the case-hardening process involves infusing additional carbon or nitrogen into the surface layer.
Case-hardening is usually done after the part has been formed into its final shape, but can also be done to increase the hardening element content of bars to be used in a pattern welding or similar process.
The term Face hardening is also used to describe this technique, when discussing modern armour. Hardening is desirable for metal components that are subject to sliding contact with hard or abrasive materials, as the hardened metal is more resistant to surface wear.
However, because hardened metal is usually more brittle than softer metal, through-hardening that is, hardening the metal uniformly throughout the piece is not always a suitable choice. In such circumstances, case-hardening can produce a component that will not fracture because of the soft core that can absorb stresses without crackingbut also provides adequate wear resistance on the hardened surface.
Early iron smelting made use of bloomeries which produced two layers of metal: one with a very low carbon content which is worked into wrought ironand one with a high carbon outer layer. Since the high carbon iron is hot shortmeaning it fractures and crumbles when forgedit was not useful without more smelting. As a result, it went largely unused in the west until the popularization of the finery forge.
Case-hardening involves packing the low-carbon iron within a substance high in carbon, then heating this pack to encourage carbon migration into the surface of the iron.
This forms a thin surface layer of higher carbon steel, with the carbon content gradually decreasing deeper from the surface. The resulting product combines much of the toughness of a low-carbon steel core, with the hardness and wear resistance of the outer high-carbon steel. The traditional method of applying the carbon to the surface of the iron involved packing the iron in a mixture of ground bone and charcoal or a combination of leatherhoovessalt and urineall inside a well-sealed box.
This carburizing package is then heated to a high temperature but still under the melting point of the iron and left at that temperature for a length of time. The longer the package is held at the high temperature, the deeper the carbon will diffuse into the surface. Different depths of hardening are desirable for different purposes: sharp tools need deep hardening to allow grinding and resharpening without exposing the soft core, while machine parts like gears might need only shallow hardening for increased wear resistance.
The resulting case-hardened part may show distinct surface discoloration, if the carbon material is mixed organic matter as described above.
The steel darkens significantly, and shows a mottled pattern of black, blue, and purple caused by the various compounds formed from impurities in the bone and charcoal. This oxide surface works similarly to bluingproviding a degree of corrosion resistance, as well as an attractive finish.
Case colouring refers to this pattern and is commonly encountered as a decorative finish on firearms. Case-hardened steel combines extreme hardness and extreme toughness, something which is not readily matched by homogeneous alloys since hard steel alone tends to be brittle.GitHub is home to over 40 million developers working together to host and review code, manage projects, and build software together.
If nothing happens, download GitHub Desktop and try again. If nothing happens, download Xcode and try again. If nothing happens, download the GitHub extension for Visual Studio and try again. Video and slides are available below.
It also incorporates hardening techniques necessary to prevent other attacks, including techniques discussed by gepeto42 and joeynoname during their THOTCON 0x7 talk. Skip to content. Dismiss Join GitHub today GitHub is home to over 40 million developers working together to host and review code, manage projects, and build software together.
Sign up. A curated list of awesome Security Hardening techniques for Windows. Branch: master. Find file. Sign in Sign up. Go back. Launching Xcode If nothing happens, download Xcode and try again. Latest commit. Latest commit Jan 7, Something's missing?
Create a Pull Request and add it. Initial foothold No hardening effort should come at the expense of upgrading operating systems. Use AppLocker to block exec content from running in user locations home dir, profile path, temp, etc.
Hardening against DMA Attacks? Deploy security tooling that monitors for suspicious behavior. Office files that support macros docm, xlsm, pptm, etc.
Ensure these file types are blocked. Limit workstation to workstation communication. Increase security on sensitive GPO s. Evaluate deployment of behavior analytics Microsoft ATA. BloodHound "prevention": Use NetCease to prevent unprivileged session enumeration. Use Samri10 to prevent unprivileged local admin collection this fix already exists in Windows 10 and above. This will clear credentials of logged off users after 30 seconds mimicking the behavior of Windows 8.
This will prevent Wdigest credentials being stored in memory, again as is the default for Windows 8. Limit workstation to workstation communication Windows Firewall. Test psexec with good credentials between two workstations.
If it works, you have a lateral movement problem. Those should never have access to the Internet. By default, Backup operators, Account operators can login to Domain Controllers, which is dangerous.In computinghardening is usually the process of securing a system by reducing its surface of vulnerabilitywhich is larger when a system performs more functions; in principle a single-function system is more secure than a multipurpose one.
Reducing available ways of attack typically includes changing default passwords, the removal of unnecessary software, unnecessary usernames or loginsand the disabling or removal of unnecessary services. There are various methods of hardening Unix and Linux systems. This may involve, among other measures, applying a patch to the kernel such as Exec Shield or PaX ; closing open network ports ; and setting up intrusion-detection systemsfirewalls and intrusion-prevention systems.
Binary hardening is a security technique in which binary files are analyzed and modified to protect against common exploits. Binary hardening is independent of compilers and involves the entire toolchain.
For example, one binary hardening technique is to detect potential buffer overflows and to substitute the existing code with safer code. The advantage of manipulating binaries is that vulnerabilities in legacy code can be fixed automatically without the need for source code, which may be unavailable or obfuscated.
Secondly, the same techniques can be applied to binaries from multiple compilers, some of which may be less secure than others. Binary hardening often involves the non-deterministic modification of control flow and instruction addresses so as to prevent attackers from successfully reusing program code to perform exploits.
Common hardening techniques are:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
Configure machine proxy and Internet connectivity settings